7 March 2013 LOCEAN news item – Large scale salinity contrasts in the tropics

Variability in the tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans  between 2010 and 2011 is very large linked to the ending 2009-2010 El Nino, 2010 strong La Niña and 2011 weak La Niña events, and to contrasted Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) in 2010 and 2011 (see Figure below).

22 February 2013 ESA press release – SMOS: The global success story continues

ESA’s water mission is shedding new light on the meandering Gulf Stream, just one of the SMOS satellite’s numerous achievements.
Launched in 2009, ESA’s Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity satellite has been helping us to understand the water cycle.
Over the past three years it has been providing more accurate information on global soil moisture and ocean salinity.
New results unveiled today in Spain show that SMOS is now providing new insights into the movement of the Gulf Stream – one of the most intensely studied current systems.